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SUMMARY

Denisova Elena AleksandrovnaAmerican independent cinema as a phenomenon of mass culture

Thesis: 64p., 34 source.

Keywords: AMERICAN INDEPENDENT CINEMA, EDISON TRUST, HOLLYWOOD, "SANDENS", MASS CULTURE, KINOAVANGARD, ARTHAUS.

Relevance of research. First of all, the American independent cinema is unique connection of creative self-expression of the director and a response to actual problems of modern reality.

Besides, independent cinema is a starting point for start of a large number of the directors who have exerted impact on development of world cinema. Such as David Lynch, George Lucas, Woody Allen, Quentin Tarantino, Guillermo del Toro and many others.

And at last, the independent cinema as the phenomenon of culture is studied very little, especially in a cinematology of the countries of the former Soviet Union.

The object of the research American independent cinema.Objective stages of development of the US independent cinema (from the moment of formation to the present day).

Purpose to identify the dynamics of the American independent cinema.Main objectives of research:

to study history of development of the American independent cinema;

to reveal criteria of difference of the American independent cinema both from Hollywood (commercial), and from "independent" European cinema;

to analyse the main works of outstanding independent directors;

to reveal ways of development, the problem directions and creative experiments of modern American independent cinema.

Research methods cultural, historical, analytical, comparative descriptive method figuratively stylistic analysis, typological method.


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